A website security audit checks your web application and its database for potential or existing vulnerabilities that attackers can exploit. It basically covers your entire web application, from its foundation software to its configuration, themes, database, server configuration, security aspects, etc. It is very important to have a well-protected site since this is one of the main elements of your online business. Hackers attack and use various means to obtain access to your site and make it malicious by changing HTML/ scripting code, database entries, and so on. So a thorough website security audit makes your web application secure by detecting any vulnerability that can be exploited for gaining unauthorized access to your website. The audit procedure is usually performed by specialized professionals who are aware of the vulnerabilities that can be used for intrusions into your web application.
The initial website security audit checklist covers the basic areas of website development. This area of website development includes functionality evaluation where the functional requirements of the site are investigated to identify whether the application meets the site requirement in terms of accessibility, usability, accessibility features, user friendliness, search engine compatibility, website performance, and other factors. Any changes that need to be made to the website or any other modifications should be noted down. Also any cross-browser testing should be conducted to check the compatibility of the site with different browser versions.
Another major area of the website security audit involves the scanning of web applications to identify any security or compatibility issues. Common issues that are often detected during a scan include XSS (cross-site scripting) vulnerabilities, SQL injection vulnerabilities, Perl injection vulnerabilities, HTTP redirection vulnerabilities, cross-site scripting bug, cookie hijacking vulnerability, and others. In most cases, these issues can be resolved with a simple update or installation of the latest versions of the required software or web hosting services. However, in some cases you may also need to conduct additional or in depth penetration tests to detect vulnerabilities. Additional testing may be required if the issue is severe.
The next step in the process of conducting a web security audit involves the review of the website manual. A good manual contains all the necessary information as well as the relevant code. Therefore it is very important that the manual is reviewed by a professional auditor in order to find out any information that may prove to be useful. Most auditors carry out their own web security audits, while some may even hire external personnel to conduct the tests. It depends on your requirement whether you need the services of an external auditor or you want to conduct the test yourself. If you intend to hire the services of an external auditor, it is important to ensure that they have expertise in the area of website security so that the tests they carry out are detailed, accurate, and reliable.
Before concluding the audit, make sure that the final report includes all the critical findings along with the recommendations. A website security audit is a lengthy process and you will need to make sure that the final report includes all the required details and is comprehensive. The final report should include the summary, recommendations, analysis and conclusion. In addition to this, it is necessary to include all the steps that were taken during the audit in the form of a checklist.
The first step that you should take during the website security audit is to identify all the vulnerable areas of your system. These are the areas that can be targeted by hackers. It is important to scan all the web pages that contain sensitive information, or contain forms that can be exploited. It is also necessary to scan all files and directories that contain sensitive information. This can be done by running scanning tools that are designed to identify the vulnerabilities on your system.
Once you have identified all the vulnerable areas of your website security audit, the next step involves the scanning of these areas manually. It is possible that you can use software that can help you detect the vulnerabilities. However, manual scanning is the best way to find the vulnerabilities. If you do not know how to identify a vulnerability, then you can get help from metasploit. Metasploit is a program that provides assistance to users in identifying all the vulnerabilities of their systems and determining the steps that need to be performed to fix them.
To conduct website security audits, it is best to look for programs that can help you in scanning the systems. Most of the programs that are available online can help you in finding the loopholes in your system and the ones that can be exploited. One of the best practices that you should follow in performing such an audit is to check whether the scanning tool that is being used by the company is capable of scanning all the files and directories in your system. It is also important to check if the tool can update the version that is being used in the future. If you perform all these steps in a systematic manner, then it is very likely that you will end up with the right plan to fix the problems that can affect your business.